The contemporary world is experiencing an alarming rate of infertility. Though, more emphasis is given on the women to be the crucial cause of childlessness. Recent studies show that men are equally responsible for infertility. It has crossed the domination of urbanity and spread its thorns into the rural areas too. Due to the advances in the research in field of reproductive medicine, it is now possible to ascertain the cause of infertility in most of the cases. It extends from the issues related to ovarian cysts, hormonal imbalance, fibroid, to genetic disorders, continuous exposure to harmful chemical and radioactive substances, occupational endangerments, sedative lifestyle and much more.
If the worldwide statistics are taken into consideration, authentic data has revealed that approximately 50 millions global couples encounter the malady of infertility. As per a study of WHO published in 2012, the estimation of infertility among women from 190 countries has continued to persist almost same regarding trends and levels between 1990 – 2010.
The Census Reports of India 2001, 1991, 1981- IIPS display that the problem of childlessness in the country is increased by 50% since the year 1981. The rate of marital infertility has soared from 11 to 16%. There is a rise of 3.89% to 7.47% in case of permanent childlessness. Again, 51 lakhs married or separated women between 35 to 49 years old who never gave birth to a child are facing infertility whose number rose from 4 to 6 % from 1981 to 2001. In the past five years, a growth of approximately 20-30% cases of infertility in India is noticed.
It has been observed that the trend of infertility differs by population, region, locality, etc. The potential issues of childlessness have far-reaching social, demographic and health ramifications. The rate of infertility is more in the urban regions.
In India, the study has been done between women who were between 20-49 years married for almost 5 years. The religious factor also comes into the forefront. The lowest infertility rate has been found among the Muslims. The estimation of infertility is high among the scheduled tribes. Furthermore, the infertility grade rise with the growing level of educational achievement as the women are nowadays aspiring for more higher academic degrees and delaying marriage and conjugal life.
Infertility can be tackled through proper investigation and treatments. After ascertaining the cause of infertility, the treatment should be stepwise staring with basic medical management by ovulation inducing drugs and medical treatments for sperm problems. If this fails, comes the role of intrauterineinsemination (IUI). Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy surgeries may be needed if there are uterine malformations or adnexal pathologies. Assisted reproductive techniques like In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Injection (ICSI) is needed if the other simpler treatments have failed.
One can approach a reputed fertility clinic and discuss with a gynecologist and infertility specialist for the right treatments and be blessed with a beautiful child.